What Is Law?
What is law? The answer may surprise you. The law is a concept of authority evolved through history to govern conduct, with an exact definition a subject of ongoing debate. In common usage, it is usually defined as an abstract body of law which governs conduct in society. It is perhaps best understood as the art and science of civil law. While it is nearly impossible to give a complete explanation of the workings of the law, one must note that the foundation of the law is established by customary law, which is also known as judicial precedent.
Prior to the twenty-first century, the main branches of government jurisdiction were established through laws enacted by the legislative and judicial branches of the state and country. Since the beginning of the Common Market, there have been major alterations to the jurisdictions of law. Today, the major jurisdictions of law are the federal government, the United States Supreme Court, the states, and local governments at both the state and local levels. Common law jurisdictions are also referred to as customary law and include common-law doctrines and precedents from past periods of judicial precedence.
The boundaries of the law are determined by power and privileges that are recognized by the law itself. The boundaries are often determined by the functions and powers that a government institution has established for itself. For instance, within the United States, there are federal, state, and local governments, each with the power to control a particular jurisdiction. Within each jurisdiction, there are local authorities, which are empowered by the power of their government to administer justice within their jurisdiction.
The United States government, for instance, controls the U.S. territorial waters, which includes the ocean, and all ocean admiralty. Virtually every water body that flows into the US is governed by laws imposed by the government. Therefore, anyone entering or leaving the territorial waters will be stopped by U.S. Coast Guards and Immigration officials to determine whether or not they have the legal authority to do so. Therefore, the question of what is law?
Another example of jurisdiction in regard to law can be found in the area of private law. Private law is a branch of civil law that is recognized by the government and exists independent of the government. The powers of a private law practitioner are derived directly from the government, while their limitations are derived from the Constitution and other related constitutional documents. Private law incorporates principles of natural law and can be considered just as important as the theories of civil law.
To learn more about what is law? Consider taking a class on law. There are many schools available that offer a comprehensive curriculum to teach the basics of law – including criminal law, civil law, family law, litigation, and more. If you need further information on what is law, consider searching for a private school online that offers courses on what is law.